The Golden Retriever is one of the most popular dogs in America and is a popular breed in many parts of the world. The Golden is believed to have originated in the highlands of Scotland during the 18th century.
This dog was bred as a hunting breed well suited to chilly water, in order to retrieve game from the many small lakes, rivers or ponds that covered the area. The Golden’s lineage is linked with the Spanish Water Spaniel, the Tweed Spaniel (now extinct) and the Red Setter. These early breed, then called a “yellow retrievers” were used by a few Scottish gamekeepers and as a gentleman’s gun-dog. The breed was officially recognized by The British Kennel Club in 1911 as “Retriever- Yellow or Golden” and finally, as a Retriever Golden” in 1920
While this breed started off in Europe, they have been embraced by Americans. Early Golden Retrievers started appearing in Canada and the U.S. around the same time they were recognized by the British Kennel Club and are now one of the most popular breeds in the United States. They were first recognized by the AKC in 1925 and grouped as Sporting.